Wars have forever been a crucial part of human history. For centuries, kings, countries, and country-men have fought against each other for many different reasons.
There have been wars for religion and lands. There have been disputes over laws and rights. People have fought over for women and for love. But most importantly, there have been wars to determine who is the most powerful among them all.
One such event that changed the course of time was when two parts of the same country fought against each other and, hence, divided lands, families, and the whole nation.
In 1965, almost two decades after the British left India, there started a war between its own brothers, the Indo-Pakistani War.
This war was a culmination of skirmishes that happened between April and September of 1965.
The conflict was raised when Pakistan’s “Operation Gibraltar” failed miserably.
Now, the question, what is Operation Gibraltar? Operation Gibraltar is actually a codename given to the strategy of Pakistan to infiltrate Jammu and Kashmir and start a rebellion against India.
However, the strategy was never successful, as India was able to retaliate by launching a full-scale army attack on West Pakistan.
Had the operation been successful, Pakistan would have had total control over Kashmir.
And the fight to claim Jammu-Kashmir is active till date.
The Indo-Pakistani war of 1965 went on for seventeen days and it caused thousands of casualties on both India and Pakistan.
It also witnessed the largest tank battle and the largest engagement of armored vehicles since World War II.
The Actual Cause of the War.
While the fight for Kashmir was considered the predominant cause of the war between the countries, there were other lesser known disputes that were going on for a long time. Most notably for the barren region in the state of Gujrat called the Rann of Kutch.
On January 1965, the Pakistani patrols started patrolling the territory that was under the control of India.
This was followed by attacks on and by both the sides on each other’s posts on April 8.
In June, the hostilities between India and Pakistan ended as the Prime Minister of Britain, Harold Wilson was able to persuade both the nations and set up a tribunal to resolve it.
Pakistan ended up getting 350 square miles (910 km2) of the Rann of Kutch.
Later, even after a successful negotiation, General Ayub Khan (the Second President of Pakistan) decided to attack the Indian Army one more time to claim Kashmir as their own.
He believed that the Indian Army was weak as it suffered a huge loss to China in the Sino-Indian War in 1962. Thus, began the movement Operation Gibraltar.
However, his troops were utterly defeated and humiliated. And the “hostilities” between them ended after a United Nations-mandated ceasefire was declared.
Today we might be living in a golden-era where we haven’t really witnessed any major wars involving powerful nations.
Be that as it may, there are still smaller cold-wars going on all over the world.
And the case is similar when it comes to India and Pakistan as well. They might not have had wars involving big tanks and military but it has taken more of a political tool and a subject of foreign interest.
Who benefits from the Indo-Pakistani War?
Wars might’ve been the answer in the past when it came to absolute power. However, in today’s scenario, it’s a mere invitation for destruction.
And if India and Pakistan were to go on a war in the present situation, it would be nothing but a mistake for the two countries and beneficial for some of the most powerful nations in the world.
It’s a bad idea to both India and Pakistan as both the nations will face nothing but destruction no matter who wins or loses.
Extremism and terrorism will increase significantly as both the nations will be more vulnerable after the war. And their instability would become an easy target for extremist groups like ISIS or other terrorist groups to manipulate.
But if the countries that are fighting the war are not benefitted by it, who are?
The answer is the nations that are supplying and providing military weapons to India and Pakistan and also the most globally powerful nations.
Every year, both India and Pakistan purchase billions of dollars’ worth of weapons. And the countries that supply them are mostly the United States, China, and Russia.
These countries are considered the most powerful nations in the world. Thus, to maintain their own power and influence over India and Pakistan and to eliminate future threats, it’s beneficial for them to keep fighting.
Similarly, when you’re getting billions of dollars every year, why would you want something to stop, right?
And that is exactly what’s happening with India and Pakistan and the rest of the developed world.
Another factor to benefit from the Indo-Pakistani war is the politicians.
Have you ever heard kings or presidents getting killed in wars? That’s because they’re busy playing political games inside their offices, all the while filling their own pockets.
They make the innocent citizens fight against each other while they remain safe and maintain their power and influence over everyone.
Third, it’s the extremist groups that benefit from the war between India and Pakistan.
As mentioned earlier, the war would bring destruction to both India and Pakistan and would make them vulnerable. And the extremist groups would find it easy to manipulate them.
If India wins this war, which is more likely in this scenario, Pakistan probably breaks into smaller states. Thus, it’s a matter of months for terrorists to take over.
Finally, it’s all benefits and profit to the media. It’s said that media is never bias and you’ll get all the information you need regarding the war.
However, when you’re a private company, no matter what you do in the end, your motive is to make money.
And in case of the Indian and Pakistani media, the war is only bringing them TRP. So, why not keep the war going?
To be honest, war or violence is never an answer when it comes to establishing peace. And for countries like India and Pakistan who were one nation at a point in history, it means nothing but destruction and devastation.