The contributions of Stephen Hawking in physics and computer science has changed the world on many fronts. Here is the timeline of the discoveries he made most of which related to the discovery of black holes for which the world will always remember him as one of the greatest scientists who ever lived.
1966- He completed his doctorate and got awarded the fellowship at Gonville and Caius Colege in Cambridge. He worked on the singularities in the theory of relativity and applied ideas for studies on black holes.
1968- Hawking published the ‘Large Scale Structure of Space-Time’ which talks about theoretical physics of spacetime.
1970- He discovered emission of radiation by black holes through the use of quantum theory and general relativity.
1973- Hawking joins the department of applied mathematics and theoretical physics at Cambridge. Hawking also discovers that black holes leak particles and energy into space while it also holds the capacity to explode.
1974- He published a journal Nature which describes the Hawking Radiation, his discovery about radiation emits by black holes.
1976- Hawking makes calculations that once a black hole is formed and radiates energy, it starts to lose mass. The radiation, however, does not provide information about the inside of a black hole. Therefore, when the hole disappears, the information gets destroyed with it.
1988- He published ‘A Brief History of Time: From the Big Bang to Black Holes’ which is one of the best sellers worldwide.
1993- He published ‘Black Hole and Baby Universes’ along with other essays and a collection of the scientific article which explores the different ways of how the universe is governed.
1998- Hawking published ‘Stephen Hawking’s Universe: The Cosmos Explained’ which is a book about the fundamentals of existence.
2001- He published the book ‘Universe in a Nutshell’ in the United Kingdom which explains about recent breakthroughs in Physics for general people.
2002- He published the book ‘The Theory of Everything: The Origin and Fate of the Universe’. The book is a representation of all the complexities in theories of physics in the past and present
2004- Hawking announced the Black Hole paradox. While doing so, he explains he lost a bet with John Preskill about Black holes. After 30 years of debate, he admits that black holes allow information to escape.